Other Procedures

Cardiac Tumour surgery

Abnormal cell reproduction can cause tumors to grow in the heart or the pericardium which surrounds the heart. These tumors are either benign or malignant in nature. The majority of cardiac tumors are benign, or non-cancerous, however, because the heart is such an essential organ, even benign tumors can be life-threatening.

Tumors which have spread to the heart from another part of the body may have the following symptoms:

  • Sudden enlargement of the heart
  • Bizarre changes in the shape of the heart on a chest x-ray
  • A blockage
  • Irregular heart rhythms
  • Unexplained heart failure

Symptoms of cancerous cardiac tumors which originate in the heart may include:

  • Sudden heart failure
  • A rapid accumulation of bloody fluid in the lining around the heart, often with a blockage of the blood flow in the heart
  • Various kinds of arrhythmias

Benign cardiac tumors that are small and cause no symptoms may in some cases be closely monitored, and may require no treatment. However surgery is indicated in most cases to both make a diagnosis of cell type and to keep the tumor from growing and causing either obstruction to blood flow or rhythm disturbances. Malignant and benign heart tumors are removed through open heart surgery. Specific treatment for cardiac tumors will be determined by your physician.


Aortic Aneurysm Surgery

An aneurysm is an abnormal dilation of the vessel wall. The abnormal swelling can cause symptoms when it grows, leaks or embolises (showering off debris from within the vessel). Whilst any vessel can dilate, most commonly aneurysms form in the abdominal aorta, the iliac, femoral and popliteal arteries. Occasionally aneurysms form in the thoracic aorta and carotid arteries.

Mediastinal tumors

Mediastinal tumors are growths that form in the middle of the chest area, which separates the lungs.The mediastinum is the part of the chest that lies between the sternum and the spinal column, and between the lungs. This area contains the heart, large blood vessels, windpipe (trachea), thymus gland, esophagus, and connective tissues. The mediastinum is divided into three sections:

  • Anterior (front)
  • Middle
  • Posterior (back)

Mediastinal tumors are rare.

The most common location for tumors in the mediastinum depends on the age of the patient. In children, tumors are more common in the posterior mediastinum. These tumors often begin in the nerves and are non-cancerous (benign).

Most mediastinal tumors in adults occur in the anterior mediastinum and are usually cancerous (malignant) lymphomas or thymomas. These tumors are most common in people ages 30 - 50.